The Foreign Service Journal - November 2014 - page 23

he changing climate and its effect on our environ-
ment, the civilization-destroying effects of nuclear
war and the enhanced possibilities of global pan-
demics are only three examples of challenges that require
an unprecedented degree of cooperation, and not just
between national governments but among peoples.
In this essay, Ambassador Goodby describes what he
calls “the Putin Doctrine”: a coherent set of actions consis-
tently applied over many years, designed with a specific,
overriding goal in mind. That goal seems clear now, in light
of the risks Russian President Vladimir Putin has been
prepared to take to achieve it: to ensure Moscow’s domi-
nance over as many of the former republics of the Soviet
Union as is feasible given Russia’s resource limits, and to
incorporate them, and those too strong to dominate, into
a regional economic and political bloc led by Russia that is
capable of exerting global influence.
That strategic objective may not be achievable by Mos-
cow for a host of reasons. But its pursuit can skew the way
the international system shapes up in the future by holding
out the model of a set of competing, relatively closed
regional blocs, run by authoritarian systems of governance.
Americans will have to rise to the occasion by building
a consensus, hard as that may be, around our own goals
in a world awash in change. Though I don’t sense that
there is a consensus on that at the present time, I believe
most Americans would agree that the United States must
stand for open societies and for the rules embodied in the
Charter of the United Nations and in regional compacts,
such as the Helsinki Final Act. That is fundamental so long
as nation-states remain central to the structure of the
international system.
But beyond that, we must be actively seeking to build
institutions, whether global or regional, that can respond to
challenges to humanity’s well-being and even its survival.
The goal of that kind of policy and that kind of diplomacy,
quite simply, is to position our nation to continue to thrive
in the new world.
–George P. Shultz, former Secretary of State,
October 2014
The Need for Consensus on American Goals
U.S. Secretary of State George Shultz with General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Mikhail Gorbachev in the
Kremlin, meeting to finalize the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty. Paul Nitze is behind Gorbachev. Moscow, Oct. 23, 1987.
Courtesy of the Hoover Institution
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