The Foreign Service Journal, June 2003

J U N E 2 0 0 3 / F O R E I G N S E R V I C E J O U R N A L 3 T HE M AGAZINE F OR F OREIGN A FFAIRS P ROFESSIONALS Foreign Service Journal (ISSN 0146-3543), 2101 E Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20037-2990 is published monthly by the American Foreign Service Association, a private, non-profit organization. Material appearing here- in represents the opinions of the writers and does not necessarily represent the views of the Journal, the Editorial Board or AFSA. Writer queries and submissions are invited, preferably by e-mail. Journal subscription: AFSA Members - $9.50 included in annual dues; others - $40. For foreign surface mail, add $18 per year; foreign air- mail, $36 per year. Periodical postage paid at Washington, D.C., and at additional mailing offices. Postmaster: Send address changes to Foreign Service Journal , 2101 E Street N.W., Washington, D.C. 20037-2990. Indexed by Public Affairs Information Service (PAIS). The Journal is not responsible for unsolicited manuscripts, photos or illustrations. Advertising inquiries are invited. The appearance of advertisements herein does not imply the endorsement of the services or goods offered. FAX: (202) 338-8244 or (202) 338-6820. E-MAIL: WEB: . TELEPHONE: (202) 338-4045. © American Foreign Service Association, 2003. Printed in the U.S.A. Send address changes to AFSA Membership, 2101 E Street N.W., Washington, D.C. 20037- 2990. Printed on 50 percent recycled paper, of which 10 percent is post-consumer waste. J O U R N A L OREIGN ERVICE S F Editor S TEVEN A LAN H ONLEY Associate Editor S USAN B. M AITRA Business Manager M IKKELA V. T HOMPSON Ad & Circulation Manager E D M ILTENBERGER AFSA News Editor S HAWN D ORMAN Art Director C ARYN J. S UKO Editorial Intern S TEPHEN E. M ATHER Editorial Board J UDITH B AROODY , C HAIRMAN M ARK W. B OCCHETTI E LIZABETH S PIRO C LARK T ATIANA G FOELLER -V OLKOFF C AROL A. G IACOMO L AURIE K ASSMAN C AROLINE M EIRS H OLLIS S UMMERS W ILLIAM W ANLUND T ED W ILKINSON F O C U S O N A F S A A S A U N I O N 18 / AFSA B ECOMES A U NION : T HE R EFORMERS ’ V ICTORY Here’s how AFSA’s “Young Turks” and “Participation Slates” expanded what had been a professional and social organization into a labor union. By Tex Harris 28 / AFSA B ECOMES A U NION : F OUR B ATTLES AFSA’s victories 30 years ago paved the way for the progress it continues to make today. By Tom Boyatt 35 / AFSA B ECOMES A U NION : B READ - AND -B UTTER I SSUES Helping individual members with their problems was an AFSA priority from the outset. By Herman J. Cohen 40 / AFSA AND THE C OURTS : T HE B RADLEY C ASE A 1979 Supreme Court decision held that the Foreign Service has unique needs and challenges. By Ted Wilkinson 42 / AFSA AND THE F OREIGN S ERVICE A CT OF 1980 The AFSA Governing Board played a key role in the nego- tiations leading up to the Foreign Service Act of 1980. By Ken Bleakley F E A T U R E S A L IFE OF P UBLIC S ERVICE : G EORGE S HULTZ / 47 AFSA honors George P. Shultz for his contributions to American diplomacy and a lifetime of public service. By Steven Alan Honley C ONTENTS J u n e 2 0 0 3 ■ Vo l ume 8 0 , No . 6 R ESOLVING THE P ALESTINIAN Q UESTION / 52 More than 25 years after Egyptian President Anwar Sadat’s historic trip to Jerusalem, why hasn’t peace come? By Claude Salhani A PPRECIATION : F ROM B OSWELL TO J OHNSON / 58 Vernon A. Walters, 1917-2002 By Fletcher M. Burton S C H O O L S S U P P L E M E N T C HRISTMAS IN J ULY : H OLIDAYS A S A F OREIGN S ERVICE C HILD / 62 A child raised in the Foreign Service can retain a sense of tradition and still appreciate new cultures, including their holidays. By Mikkela Thompson S CHOOLS A T A G LANCE / 71 Essential data on educational choices. D E P A R T M E N T S L ETTERS / 7 C YBERNOTES / 10 B OOKS / 82 I N M EMORY / 83 I NDEX TO A DVERTISERS / 90 AFSA N EWS / C ENTER I NSERT C O L U M N S P RESIDENT ’ S V IEWS / 5 Exclusive Representative By John K. Naland S PEAKING O UT / 13 Dissent Again By David T. Jones R EFLECTIONS / 92 By David Rabadan Cover and inside illustration by Ben Fishman