The Foreign Service Journal, December 2006

D E C E M B E R 2 0 0 6 / F O R E I G N S E R V I C E J O U R N A L 27 n the regional map that emerged in early 2006, Israel faced militant and aggressive Islamist movements on two fronts, in Lebanon and Gaza. Both Hezbollah and Hamas are combinations of militia, ter- rorist band and political party, the latter enfranchised by recent democratic reform schemes for the region. Backed by Iran and its client state, Syria, both reject Israel’s very existence, refuse to negotiate with it, and feed on failed or weak Arab political entities. F O C U S O N M I D D L E E A S T P E A C E B ITTERLEMONS . ORG AND THE L EBANON W AR L AUNCHED IN 2001 WITH U.S. SUPPORT , THIS INNOVATIVE PROJECT PROMOTES JOINT , W EB - BASED I SRAELI -P ALESTINIAN DIALOGUE . B Y Y OSSI A LPHER O Adam Niklewicz