The Foreign Service Journal, December 2006

T HE M AGAZINE F OR F OREIGN A FFAIRS P ROFESSIONALS Foreign Service Journal (ISSN 0146-3543), 2101 E Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20037-2990 is published monthly with a combined July/August issue by the American Foreign Service Association, a private, non-profit organization. Material appearing herein represents the opinions of the writers and does not necessarily represent the views of the Journal, the Editorial Board or AFSA. Writer queries and submissions are invited, preferably by e-mail. Journal subscription: AFSAMembers - $13 included in annual dues; others - $40. For foreign surface mail, add $18 per year; foreign airmail, $36 per year. Periodical postage paid at Washington, D.C., and at additional mail- ing offices. Postmaster: Send address changes to Foreign Service Journal , 2101 E Street N.W., Washington, D.C. 20037-2990. Indexed by Public Affairs Information Service (PAIS). The Journal is not responsible for unsolicited manuscripts, photos or illustrations. Advertising inquiries are invited. The appearance of advertisements herein does not imply the endorsement of the services or goods offered. FAX: (202) 338-8244 or (202) 338-6820. E-MAIL: . WEB: . TELEPHONE: (202) 338-4045. © American Foreign Service Association, 2006. Printed in the U.S.A. Send address changes to AFSA Membership, 2101 E Street N.W., Washington, D.C. 20037-2990. Printed on 50-percent recycled paper, of which 10 percent is post-consumer waste. J O U R N A L OREIGN ERVICE S F Editor S TEVEN A LAN H ONLEY Senior Editor S USAN B. M AITRA Associate Editor S HAWN D ORMAN Ad & Circulation Manager E D M ILTENBERGER Business Manager A NDREW K IDD Art Director C ARYN S UKO S MITH Editorial Intern L AMIYA R AHMAN Advertising Intern F LORIAN H EINHOLD Editorial Board T ED W ILKINSON , C HAIRMAN K ENT C. B ROKENSHIRE S TEPHEN W. B UCK A NTHONY S. C HAN J OSH G LAZEROFF W ILLIAM W. J ORDAN L AURIE K ASSMAN K AY W EBB M AYFIELD C RYSTAL K. M ERIWETHER J OYCE N AMDE C HRISTOPHER L. T EAL F O C U S O N M I D D L E E A S T P E A C E 21 / T HE H OLY L AND : C AN P EACE B E R ESCUED ? The U.S. could, if it wished, break the impasse and help Israelis and Palestinians make peace. By Philip C. Wilcox Jr. 27 / B ITTERLEMONS . ORG AND THE L EBANON W AR Launched in 2001 with U.S. assistance, an innovative project promotes joint, Web-based Israeli-Palestinian dialogue. By Yossi Alpher 29 / H OLDING I SRAEL R ESPONSIBLE Bitterlemons ’ Palestinian co-editor offers his own perspective. By Ghassan Khitab 33 / U.S. P OLICY AND THE I SRAELI -P ALESTINIAN C ONFLICT President Bush has not held Israel to account for its failure to pursue peace with its neighbors. By Nadia Hijab 39 / T HE I MPLICATIONS OF I RAQ FOR THE M IDDLE E AST The presumption of U.S. military superiority is under fire in Iraq. Even more important, the world may begin to doubt our leadership and reliability. By Edward Walker 45 / T OWARD A N EW F OREIGN P OLICY A GENDA Terrorism in the Middle East is not the cause of the violence we face, but the response to occupation by those too weak to use any other tactic. By Robert V. Keeley C ONTENTS D e c emb e r 2 0 0 6 Vo l ume 8 3 , No . 1 2 F E A T U R E S L IVING WITH I RAQ / 52 Many Foreign Service personnel and family members have already experienced events that place them at high risk for PTSD. It’s time to talk about the problem. By Beth Payne A PPRECIATION / 56 The Best Among Us: Charles W. Bray III, 1933-2006 By Shawn Dorman S C H O O L S S U P P L E M E N T T HE I NTERNATIONAL B ACCALAUREATE P ROGRAM / 85 The IB is a challenging academic program with many perks — for the right type of student. By Francesca Huemer Kelly S CHOOLS AT A G LANCE / 98, 102 Essential data on educational choices. Cover and inside illustrations by Adam Niklewicz C O L U M N S P RESIDENT ’ S V IEWS / 5 Foreign Assistance “Reform:” The Short-Term Mentality Sets In By J. Anthony Holmes S PEAKING O UT / 14 Immigration Policy for the 21st Century By David Searby L ETTER FROM THE E DITOR / 19 By Steven Alan Honley R EFLECTIONS / 116 The Lucky Pole By Nicholas Rey D E PA R T M E N T S L ETTERS / 7 C YBERNOTES / 12 M ARKETPLACE / 14 AFSA N EWS / 59 B OOKS / 74 I N M EMORY / 80 I NDEX TO A DVERTISERS / 114 D E C E M B E R 2 0 0 6 / F O R E I G N S E R V I C E J O U R N A L 3