In December 2019, after a 12-year research effort, the AFSA Governing Board approved the inscription of 48 additional names of colleagues dating back to 1794 whose deaths in the line of duty were unknown to AFSA when the original Memorial Plaque was unveiled in 1933. An additional 21 historical names were approved in May and June 2020. Until such time that additional space can be added to display those names in the C Street lobby, they are memorialized here.
Click on a name to read more about an honoree.
Tropical Disease – India 1794
Samuel Shaw was the first U.S. Consul to Canton, China. He contracted a “disease of the liver incident to the climate” during a stopover in Bombay, India while sailing to the U.S. from China. He died at sea near the Cape of Good Hope on May 30, 1794.
Oliver Hazard Perry
Yellow Fever – Atlantic Ocean 1819
Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry, a hero of the War of 1812, was appointed as a Special Diplomatic Agent to the Republic of Venezuela to negotiate an anti-piracy agreement with President Simón Bolívar. He died of yellow fever on August 23, 1819 on a ship nearing Port of Spain (then the British colony of Trinidad).
Shipwreck – Atlantic Ocean 1820
Robert Sterry was U.S. Consul in La Rochelle, France. He died in the wreck of the Helen off the coast of Long Island, New York while returning from France on January 17, 1820.
Tropical Fever – Venezuela 1826
Robert K. Lowry was U.S. Consul in La Guayra (La Guaira), Venezuela. Appointed from Maryland where he was a merchant in Baltimore, he died in Puerto Cabello of a tropical fever on January 24, 1826.
[Source: Lancaster Intelligencer (Lancaster, Pennsylvania), 28 Feb 1826, Page 3]
James A. Holden
Lost at Sea – Atlantic Ocean 1827
James A. Holden was a Commercial Agent at the seaport of Aux Cayes (Les Cayes), Haiti. He was lost at sea in 1827 while in transit to or from that posting.
Tropical Disease – Rio de Janeiro 1830
William Tudor was U.S. Charge d’Affaires in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. He died of a “fever” on March 9, 1830.
Yellow Fever – Guatemala 1832
James Shannon was commissioned as Chargé d’Affaires to the Republic of Central America. He and his niece died of yellow fever en route to Guatemala City in 1832.
Lost at Sea – Atlantic Ocean 1832
John S. Miercken was U.S. Consul in Martinique. He departed the island on a ship in September 1832 that was lost at sea.
Yellow Fever – Mexico 1834
James James was U.S. Consul in Vera Cruz, Mexico. Appointed from Pennsylvania in 1832, he died at post from yellow fever on or about April 24, 1834.
[Source: The Sunbury Gazette (Sunbury, Pennsylvania), 12 Jul 1834, Page 3]
Dysentery – Callao, Peru 1838
James Bonaparte Thornton was U.S. Charge d’Affaires to Peru. He died of dysentery in Callao, Peru on January 25, 1838.
Typhoid Fever – Paris, France 1841
Daniel Brent was U.S. Consul in Paris, France. He died of “typhoid exhaustion after gout” on January 31, 1841.
Killed in Earthquake – Guadeloupe 1843
Felix H. Suau was U.S. Consul at Pointe-à-Pitre, Guadeloupe. He died in an earthquake in 1843.
Yellow Fever – Republic of Texas 1844
William Sumter Murphy was the 4th U.S. Chargé d'Affaires to the Republic of Texas. He died of yellow fever at Galveston, Texas on July 13, 1844.
Yellow Fever – Republic of Texas 1844
Tilghman Ashurst Howard was the 5th U.S. Chargé d'Affaires to the Republic of Texas. He died of yellow fever at Washington-on-the-Brazos, Texas on August 16, 1844.
Epidemic Fever – Matamoros, Mexico 1844
Richard Belt was U.S. Consul in Matamoros, Mexico. He died of “an epidemic fever” on October 11, 1844.
A. M. Green
Yellow Fever – Republic of Texas 1844
Arichibald Magill Green was U.S. Consul in Galveston, Republic of Texas. Appointed from Virginia, he died at post from yellow fever on July 28, 1844, at age 38.
[Sources: The Brooklyn Weekly Eagle (Brooklyn, New York), 29 Aug 1844, Page 4; and www.findagrave.com]
Yellow Fever – Bermuda 1853
John W. Howden was U.S. Consul in Bermuda. He died of yellow fever in St. Georges, Bermuda, on September 11, 1853, after just 19 days in office.
Fever – Mexico 1853
Hector C. Ames was U.S. Consul in Acapulco, Mexico. He was from New York where he graduated from Columbia College (University). He previously served as attaché at U.S. Legation Madrid, Spain and was appointed to Acapulco in 1852. He died in Acapulco of “fever of the country” on May 16, 1853.
[Source: Daily Alta California, Volume 4, Number 153, 3 June 1853]
Tropical Disease – Tangier, Morocco 1855
Samuel Collings was U.S. Consul in Tangier, Morocco. He died of “African fever” and “fever and congestion” on June 15, 1855.
Tropical Disease – La Unión, El Salvador 1857
William McCracken was U.S. Consul in the seaport of La Unión, El Salvador. He died from “congestive fever” on July 7, 1857.
Cholera – Guatemala 1857
William E. Venable was appointed as Minister Resident (chief of mission) to Guatemala but died at post before presenting credentials. He was from Winchester, Tennessee where he co-founded Mary Sharp College (a women’s college). He also served in the Tennessee State Senate. He died in Guatemala City of cholera on August 27, 1857, at age 53.
[Source: And the Word Became Flesh: Studies in History, Communication, and Scripture, edited by Thomas H. Olbricht and David Fleer, Pickwick Publications, Eugene, Oregon, 2009, page 5]
Dysentery – Bombay, India 1858
Edward Ely was U.S. Consul in Bombay (Mumbai), India. He died of dysentery on January 17, 1858.
Yellow Fever – St. Thomas 1858
James Torbut was U.S. Consul at St. Thomas, Virgin Islands. He died of yellow fever on December 26, 1858.
Cholera – Calcutta, India 1860
John Amory was U.S. Vice Consul General in Calcutta (Kolkata), India. He died of cholera on July 1, 1860.
Yellow Fever – Pernambuco, Brazil 1860
William Stapp was U.S. Consul in Pernambuco (Recife), Brazil. He died of yellow fever on April 13, 1860.
Murdered – Edo, Japan 1861
Henricus C. J. Heusken was the interpreter to the first U.S. diplomatic and consular posts in Japan. His title was Secretary to the U.S. Legation in Edo (now Tokyo). He also served as Vice Consul and participated in the negotiation of the first U.S. treaties with Japan. He was assassinated, apparently by anti-foreign samurai, in Edo on January 16, 1861.
Isaiah Thomas III
Lost at Sea – Atlantic Ocean 1862
Isaiah Thomas III was appointed to be U.S. Consul to Algiers. He departed on the SS Milwaukee from New York bound for La Havre, France with his daughter and two sons in February 1862, but the ship was lost at sea.
William R. Williams
Yellow Fever – Para, Brazil 1862
William R. Williams was U.S. Consul in Para (Belem), Brazil. He died of yellow fever on September 25, 1862.
Murdered – Mazatlán, Mexico 1862
William Baker was U.S. Consul in Guaymas, Mexico in the state of Sonora. He was killed by “Apaches” in Mazatlán on December 20, 1862.
Malaria – Alexandria, Egypt 1864
William Thayer was U.S. Consul General in Alexandria, Egypt. He died of “sickness, probably malaria” on April 10, 1864.
Cholera – Amoy, China 1865
William Irvin was U.S. Consul in Amoy (Xiamen), China. He died of cholera on September 9, 1865, contracted while volunteering at a hospital.
Dysentery – Panama City, Colombia 1865
Alexander McKee was U.S. Consul to Panama City, Colombia (now Panama). He died of dysentery on September 3, 1865.
Cholera – Barcelona, Spain 1865
Jose Casagemas was U.S. Vice Consul in Barcelona, Spain. He died of cholera in early November 1865.
Yellow Fever – Panama City, Colombia 1867
William Little with U.S. Consul in Panama City, Colombia (now Panama). He died of yellow fever on January 29, 1867.
Yellow Fever – Guayaquil, Ecuador 1867
Louis Victor Prevost was U.S. Consul in Guayaquil, Ecuador. He died of yellow fever on May 23, 1867.
Dysentery – Mexico 1867
Edward Conner was U.S. Consul in Guaymas, State of Sonora, Mexico. He was born in New York City but lived for years in San Francisco, California where he was active in journalism and business. He previously served as Consul in Talcahuano, Chile and Mazatlán, Mexico. He died at a rural location near Guaymas from dysentery on July 16, 1867, at age 42.
[Source: Daily Alta California, Volume 19, Number 6366, 20 August 1867 and Volume 19, Number 6418, 11 October 1867]
Yellow Fever – Turks Island 1868
Edward Maynard was U.S. Consul at Turks Island in the British colony of Turks and Caicos. He died of yellow fever on January 10, 1868.
Cholera – Uruguay 1868
William H. Smiley was U.S. Consul in Rio Negro, Patagonia, Argentina. Appointed from Rhode Island in 1850, he was an avid sailor credited with saving many lives during his nearly two decades sailing around Patagonia. He died in Montevideo, Uruguay, where he was visiting the U.S. Consul there from cholera on February 13, 1868, at age 70.
[Sources: Ocean Life in the Old Sailing Ship Days: from forecastle to quarter-deck, Captain John D. Whidden, Boston MA, 1908; and Hartford Courant (Hartford, Connecticut), 23 May 1868, Page 1]
Dysentery – Zanzibar 1874
Charles Edwin Ballard was U.S. Consul in Zanzibar (Tanzania). Appointed from Salem, Massachusetts in April 1874, he died at post from dysentery on October 12, 1874, at age 22 [not a typo].
[Source: The Christian Leader (New York, New York), 21 Nov 1874, Page 11]
Murdered – Paramaribo, Suriname 1877
Henry Sawyer was U.S. Consul in Paramaribo, Suriname. He was murdered by a sailor in his custody on May 7, 1877.
Tropical Fever – Roatán, Honduras 1879
Frank E. Frye was U.S. Consul in Ruatan (Roatán), Honduras. He died of “fever” on February 10, 1879.
Yellow Fever – Veracruz, Mexico 1881
Elphus Hibbard Rogers was U.S. Consul in Veracruz, Mexico. He died of yellow fever on August 1, 1881.
Lost at Sea – Pacific Ocean 1883
Alexis O. Kustel was Vice Consul, in Apia, Samoa. Born in Austro-Hungary, his parents moved the family to San Francisco via Panama in 1852 during the California Gold Rush. He arrived at post in January 1883. Sailing from Apia on April 23, 1883, his ship was lost at sea during a storm. He was 40.
[Source: San Francisco Examiner (San Francisco, California), 13 Aug 1884, Page 3]
Tropical Disease – Peru 1885
Seth Ledyard Phelps was U.S. Minister to Peru. He died of Oroya fever on June 24, 1885.
Railway Accident – St. Thomas, Canada 1887
Allen Francis was Consul to St. Thomas and Port Stanley in Ontario Province, Canada. He was struck and killed by fire department equipment while responding to assist at a major railway crash involving fatalities in St. Thomas on August 4, 1887.
Smallpox – Brazil 1887
John T. Miller was a Vice Consul in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Appointed from South Carolina, he entered on duty June 1, 1887, but died of smallpox within two months on July 28.
[Source: American Foreign Service Journal, December 1927].
Fever – Monrovia, Liberia 1891
Alexander Clark was an African American lawyer who was appointed by President William Henry Harrison as Consul General in Monrovia, Liberia. He died of “fever” on May 31, 1891.
Smallpox – Spain 1893
Thomas M. Newson was U.S. Consul in Malaga, Spain. He was born in New York City and moved to Saint Paul, Minnesota, where he was a journalist. During the Civil War, he served as an assistant quartermaster, rising to the rank of Major. He died in Malaga of smallpox on March 30, 1893, at age 66.
[Sources: Compilation of Reports of Committee on Foreign Relations: 1789-1901, Volume 3, United States Congress, Senate, Committee on Foreign Relations, page 805 and Collections of the Minnesota Historical Society 1905, page 270-271]
Dysentery – Managua, Nicaragua 1895
Hiram Lott was U.S. Consul in Managua, Nicaragua. He died of dysentery on June 6, 1895.
Yellow Fever – Antigua 1895
James C. Fox was U.S. Consul in Antigua. Appointed from Rochester, New York in 1893, he died at post from yellow fever on October 21, 1895.
[Source: Detroit Free Press (Detroit, Michigan), 8 Nov 1895, Page 2]
Smallpox – Beirut, Lebanon 1896
Thomas R. Gibson was U.S. Consul in Beirut, Lebanon. He died of smallpox on September 20, 1896.
Boating Accident – Colón, Colombia 1898
William Ashby was U.S. Consul in Colón, Colombia (now Panama). He was on a boating trip with the German Consul and five others on January 17, 1898 when their boat was swamped in high seas and all perished. The presence of the German Consul suggests this was an official trip in the line of duty.
Robert Moseley, Jr.
Malaria – Japan 1900
Robert Alexander Moseley, Jr., was U.S Consul General in Singapore. Born in Alabama, he fought for the Confederacy during the Civil War and after the war was active in journalism, business, and politics in Alabama. Appointed as U.S. Consul General to Singapore in 1899, he died in Yokohama, Japan, where he had traveled to seek medical attention, on November 14, 1900, from malaria contracted in Singapore. He was 59.
[Source: Our Mountain Home (Talladega, Alabama), 5 Dec 1900, Page 2]
John Carter Ingersoll
Dysentery – Colón, Colombia 1903
John Carter Ingersoll was U.S. Consul in Cartagena, Colombia. He died of dysentery in Colón, Colombia (now Panama), on June 6, 1903 in transit to the United States for a leave of absence.
Dysentery – Honduras 1903
Benjamin Johnston was the first U.S. Consul in La Ceiba, Honduras. From Iowa, during the Civil War he was a lieutenant in a regiment of the United States Colored Troops. After the war, he was an attorney in Iowa. He arrived at post on October 17, 1902 and died there from dysentery on January 7, 1903, at age 61.
[Source: The Daily Gate City (Keokuk, Iowa), 16 Oct 1910, Page 3]
Murdered – Batum, Russia 1906
William H. Stuart was Vice Consul in Batum, Russia (now Batumi, Georgia). He was shot by an unknown assailant on May 20, 1906.
Malaria – Buenaventura, Colombia 1938
John J. O’Keefe was Vice Consul in charge of the U.S. Consulate in Buenaventura, Colombia. He died of malignant malaria in a hospital in Panama City, Panama on July 10, 1938.
Louis Sussdorff, Jr.
Automobile Accident – Germany 1940
Louis Sussdorff, Jr. was U.S. Consul General in Antwerp, Belgium. Born in Elmhurst, New York, he earned a law degree from Harvard University and entered the diplomatic service in 1914. After serving in posts in Europe and South America, he arrived in Antwerp in 1937 and remained after Germany occupied Belgium in May 1940. Returning from a consular conference in Cologne, Germany, he died near there in Bergheim on August 29, 1940, when the automobile he was driving was struck by a speeding train at a crossing where visibility was obstructed by parked German Army trucks. He was 52. Seriously injured in the same accident was the U.S. Consul in Brussels, Charles Clinton Broy, who died three years later of heart problems that may have been aggravated by the 1940 crash.
[Source: Public Opinion (Chambersburg, Pennsylvania), 3 Sep 1940, Page 9]
Typhoid Fever – Colombia 1942
Frederick Walter Eyssell was Vice Consul in Cartagena, Colombia. From Kansas City, Missouri, he arrived as a first-tour officer at post on February 19, 1942 and died there from typhoid just three months later, on May 18, at age 24-25.
[Source: The Kansas City Times (Kansas City, Missouri), 1 Jun 1942, Page 13]
Airplane Crash – Nigeria 1945
Homer C. White, Diplomatic Courier, died on December 4, 1945, in an airplane crash while accompanying a State Department classified diplomatic pouch shipment. The U.S. Army aircraft he was traveling in went missing after take-off between Liberia en route to Ghana. The airplane was never found, but the Army accident report speculates that it crashed in Nigeria. All passengers were declared dead a year after the crash. Mr. White was from New Albany, Indiana. He was a postal clerk before the outbreak of World War II when he became a captain in the U.S. Army Courier Service. Discharged from the Army in 1944, he joined the State Department’s Diplomatic Courier Service in January 1945. He died at age 39.
Airplane Crash – Morocco 1946
Carlin Treat was assigned to be a Vice Consul in Casablanca, Morocco. He died in plane crash in Morocco on his way to post on October 10, 1946.
George Atcheson, Jr.
Airplane Crash – Pacific Ocean 1947
George Atcheson, Jr. was a Department of State Foreign Service Officer assigned to General Douglas McArthur’s staff in occupied Japan. He was traveling from Japan to Washington, D.C. to review U.S.-Japan peace treaty drafts when the U.S. Army Air Corps B-17 he was flying in crashed 110 miles west of Oahu, Hawaii.
Airplane Crash – Shannon, Ireland 1948
George Dailey Henderson was U.S. Consul in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. He died in an airplane crash at Shannon Airport, Ireland, on April 15, 1948 while returning to Washington, D.C. for consultations.
Airplane Crash – Liberia 1951
Richard T. Dunning, Diplomatic Courier, died on June 22, 1951, in an airplane crash in Sanoyie, Liberia, while accompanying a State Department classified diplomatic pouch shipment. He was on Pan American Airways flight 151 which crashed into a mountain in unknown circumstances. Mr. Dunning was born in Dallas, Texas, and grew up in Glendale, California. He served in the U.S. Army in World War II. After discharge, he joined the State Department as a diplomatic courier. He died at age 29.
Willard Fisher, Jr.
Airplane Crash – Tanganyika 1953
Willard M. Fisher, Jr., Diplomatic Courier, died on March 29, 1953, in an airplane crash in Mkwaja, Tanganyika, present-day Tanzania, while accompanying a State Department classified diplomatic pouch shipment. He was on a Central African Airways plane that broke apart in storms between Blantyre, in present-day Malawi, and Tanganyika, in present-day Tanzania. Mr. Fisher, from Wilmington, Delaware, served in the U.S. Navy in World War II in the South Pacific. After the war, he attended the University of Delaware, graduating in 1951. He joined the Foreign Service in March 1952. He died at age 27.
Airplane Crash – Cameroon 1963
Joseph P. Capozzi, Diplomatic Courier, died on May 10, 1963, from injuries incurred on an Air Afrique airliner crash shortly after takeoff, while accompanying a State Department classified diplomatic pouch shipment. The flight crashed into Mount Cameroon, near Douala, Cameroon. He was initially the only survivor among the 55 on board but died six days later in the hospital. Originally from Elmira, New York, Mr. Capozzi joined the U.S. Marine Corps and served in the Korean War. After his discharge in 1954, he worked several jobs and earned a degree from Harpur College in New York. He joined the Foreign Service in June 1962. He died at age 29.
Airplane Crash – Cameroon 1963
Nicole Boucher was a Foreign Service secretary. She died on May 10, 1963, when the Air Afrique airliner in which she was returning to the U.S. after completing her first assignment at U.S. Embassy Yaoundé crashed into Mount Cameroon, near Douala, Cameroon. Born in Rhode Island, she was a secretary several places including the Harvard Medical School prior to joining the Foreign Service Staff Corps in 1960. She was 28.
[Source: Department of State Newsletter, May 1963, inside front cover]
Henry H. Ford
Automobile Accident – Frankfurt, West Germany 1965
Henry H. Ford was U.S. Consul General in Frankfurt, West Germany (now Germany). He died in an automobile accident on the autobahn between Frankfurt and Bonn on March 9, 1965. He was being driven by his government chauffeur and was traveling to Bonn where the U.S. Embassy was then located, so his death appears to have been in the line of duty.
Murdered – Equatorial Guinea 1971
Donald Leahy was the administrative assistant at the U.S. Embassy in Santa Isabel (now Malabo), Equatorial Guinea. The only other American at post was Principal Officer Alfred Erdos. On August 30, 1971, Erdos stabbed Leahy to death in what appears to have been a bout of temporary insanity. Erdos was returned to the U.S. where a court found him guilty of voluntary manslaughter and sentenced him to 10 years in prison.